Complete Guide To Starship: Falcon 9 VS Starship. What's new? What's different?
SpaceX is taking everything up a notch with Starship. This thing is the ultimate challenge in aerospace engineering, a FULLY and rapidly reusable super heavy lift launch vehicle, capable of taking 150 metric tonnes to low Earth orbit.

But Starship’s ultimate goal goes way beyond just terrestrial orbital ambitions, Starship is the first vehicle designed to actually take human beings to Mars and back again.

In order to achieve this absolutely bonkers goal, SpaceX has had to employ a litany of new technologies, use new materials, develop the most advanced rocket engines ever made and come up with some wild ideas that have never been tried before… and maybe for good reason.

So today I wanted to go over all of these new technologies and compare it to SpaceX’s Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy to help point out what things are new, what things are different and what they’ve learned from the Falcon family that will apply to Starship in order to really understand just how ambitious this project is.

We won’t be just scratching the surface here, in fact we’ll actually be taking you inside the rockets and showing you basically every single part and going over all of them with a fine tooth comb so you can learn as much as possible and have a definitive guide to Starship.

Article version -

Starship Playlist -
Is SpaceX's Raptor engine the king of rocket engines? -
A conversation with Elon Musk about Starship -
SLS Vs Starship: Why does SLS still exist? -
Why won't Starship have an abort system? -
Why SpaceX switched to stainless steel -
Why SpaceX's Starship will fall like a skydiver and not fly -
Will Starship make Artemis better than Apollo? -
Why Starship will only have 2 rear fins instead of 3 -
How much do rockets pollute? -

00:00 - Intro
05:05 - What's the same
06:00 - What’s Different // Engines and Fuels
23:05 - What's Different // Size, Capabilities, Construction, Costs
32:15 - What's Different // First Stage Reuse
41:50 - What's Different // Second Stage Reuse
53:40 - Conclusion


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I'm the cohost of an awesome podcast where we talk all about current technologies and how they shape our future! or here on ISnets

  • crypto nginX
    crypto nginX

    cheers @EA ;-))

  • Jerry VanderWier
    Jerry VanderWier

    So Tim, any thoughts in regards to NASA's announcement about using the Falcon Heavy to launch the Europa Clipper / 'Ocean Moon Explorer' instead of its own SLS?

  • Paper Carving
    Paper Carving

    Me at seven: silently wishing I could go to space Him at seven: making flipbooks

  • Michael Ohene
    Michael Ohene

    So this is how watching a video, from the future feels like.

  • Dan Alexander
    Dan Alexander

    35:01 woah what was that????

    • Jojope YT
      Jojope YT

      ice frost formed from the hot gas thruster

  • Ethan Forsyth
    Ethan Forsyth

    Falcon 9 goes to orbit Starship goes to mars There for Starship is not Falcon 9

    • Ethan Forsyth
      Ethan Forsyth

      @Everyday Astronaut true

    • Everyday Astronaut
      Everyday Astronaut

      Falcon 9 can send stuff to Mars too, just not as much as Starship

  • Ethan Forsyth
    Ethan Forsyth

    Tim: Falcon heavy Me: Falcon 27

  • Kevin Cook
    Kevin Cook

    I think Starship will be a success just like Falcon 9. I think they are going to need a lot of practice around Earth - LEO, geosynchronous placements, docking with ISS, and refueling, and at the moon -- docking with Gateway, landing and returning to gateway refueling and landing again and returning -- before going to Mars. It's kind of like climbing Everest - You climb a lot of smaller mountains to build yourself up to the ultimate climb.

  • Robert Kovach
    Robert Kovach

    Space X is doing some incredible exciting things!!!! I'm a big fan!!!!

  • MasterFeiFongWong

    This may be off topic, but someone might find it interesting. Over unity electric generator. By AMA. Segment 1: 1 motor with bar connected to it standing vertically. Circular disc connected to bar that has magnets embedded in it surrounded in high permeability material to focus magnets outward pushing force in an upwards direction from top of disc. Segment 2: Hollowed out cylindrical Bar of material horizontally positioned. Flat hollowed out ring shaped material with openings around its outer top flat edge. Magnets surrounded in high permeability material embedded in these openings. Magnets positioned in openings around ring are in at least 1 of 2 configurations either all N magnetic field pushing out or N,S,N,S all around it. Just depends on whether your going for Piston structure or spinning structure explained below & whether you want it to be DC or AC current. Place these all along the cylindrical bar connected to it solidly, except at far ends of bar. At both ends of bar place ring of material that can be magnetically repelled in specific locations. (magnetically repelled in specific location is in reference to outside of ring area that faces away from center of bar)(Other side of same ring facing in towards center of bar is capable of being magnetically repelled all around) Ring must be connected solidly to bar. points of repulsion on these rings is off set from each other on each end of bar. 3 Hollow ring structures with small square bars protruding from each. Ring structure has all magnetic repulsion on inside of ring shape & can rap around the main bar so that the bar wont be causing friction on things as it moves back and forth or spins. 1st positioned around far left of bar, 2nd position at center of bar (be sure to leave enough room for magnetic structures to be able to move back and forth without hitting it) & 3rd positioned on far right of bar. Tube structure is constructed in two parts that fit together on top of each other length wise over main structure. Tube structure has 3 square openings for the bars that the Ring structures that are connected around the main bar keeping it from causing friction on structure, to slide into. This tube structure is designed with material that does not block magnetic fields. Perhaps some type of transparent material glass or other. At both ends of the tube structure there is a built in circular groove that will house a round disc. The ceiling/floor/left side/& right side of groove has openings for small magnets to be embedded in it, so that the pushing force from magnets is pushing in towards the edge of disc that goes in this spot. There is also 4 openings located on the top, bottom, left & right positions of the open groove. Small magnets are placed in these spots so when round disc is in position these magnetic fields will hit sideways keeping it from generating friction against structure. Far Ends of bar has Cap structure that screws over tube halves holding them together. Cap structure also has 4 points on inside top, bottom, left & right that have openings. These openings have small embedded magnets in them that exert there pushing force outwards (sideways) so it will keep disc in position, generating no friction against structure. Cap is made of material like tube so it does not block magnetic fields. (Note: These magnets in groove and cap structure are only needed for piston design. If Disc is directly connected to main bar so as it spins the bar spins, magnets are not needed here). The disc has ring around it (ring of material goes around outer edge and folds over front side & backside a small distance) that is repelled by magnetic fields so the 12 small magnets will keep it lined up but it will be able to spin without causing friction on structure. The disc has openings on it's flat side that face inside of tube and magnets surrounded in high permeability material are embedded in this disc. The disc has small bar that is connected to it's center that goes all the way to the other end of bar structure through the center of the hollowed out bar and connects to disc on other end. Disc on other end is set up the same but magnets embedded in it are off set in comparison. As first disc spins the magnetic fields will push against specific spot on disc connected directly to bar, pushing bar in other direction, once bar is fully pushed over, further spinning of disc will then align the other sides magnet to push it back. Tube structure also has half moon shaped protrusion on inside and on both halves so when tube is connected they line up to make a full ring shape on inside of tube, these half moon shaped protrusions have at least 1 small round opening on it's side in middle of curve that faces away from center of bar. The opening has a small magnet embedded in it so magnetic force is repelling out sideways away from center of bar. The protruding ring is positioned to line up slightly further in towards center of bar then the ring of magnetically repelled material connected directly to bar. This way when bar moves right or left it is magnetically stopped after a short distance. Copper coil setup: Copper coils are wound in at least 1 of 2 ways. Either coiled in circles next to each other (Like if you wound coils around a cylindrical bar) or laid out in a row as if wire was on flat table going up then bent to go down & back up until it formed a flat rectangle of wire bending up and down and then the entire structure folded around tube. Copper windings are then lined up perpendicular to magnetic fields on outside of tube. Ends of copper coils are connected into separate construct that will allow electrical current to flow somewhere else. Circular construct is built like a stand that goes around the outside of motor segment. Circular construct has flat ring of high permeability (magnetic field shielding) material that has small openings that will allow magnetic fields through specific locations. Top of circular construct has groove to allow the horizontal bar to balance on. Circular construct can also be placed on other end of bar so it is balanced. The motor segment is positioned so the disc connected to the bar that is connected to the motor is lined up so the disc passes under the horizontal bars disc that is at end of horizontal bar. The high permeability material keeps the magnetic fields in disc from hitting into the disc that spins or pushes the horizontal bar until just the right moment when the impact will cause the disc in horizontal bar to spin which will perpetuate the piston motion in the horizontal bar. More horizontal bars of the same design are built and positioned around the motor segment in a circular horizontal fashion all the way around. The bar connected to the motor can be increased in length to desired height (As much as motor can handle) and more of the exact same setup is repeated higher and higher up, maximizing the over unity potential of the construct to ridiculous proportions. :D Current from the horizontal bars is diverted to power the motor as needed and all other current is diverted to power my game console or the world. :) Interesting variation to this design would be to connect the spinning discs on far ends of horizontal bar to main bar that magnets are connected to so the magnets spin instead of getting pistoned back and forth. So long as moving magnetic fields are perpendicular to copper wires it should work. By AMA

  • procoder121

    I heard that SpaceX has begun stacking of BN3 and SN20

    • Oort Cloud
      Oort Cloud

      And SN20 is currently in the mid-bay probably getting TPS installed

    • Tuuminshz

      Bn3/Booster 3 already is on pad A

  • Nelson Sobral
    Nelson Sobral

    Completely unrelated: nice Telecaster

  • Jerry Zhang
    Jerry Zhang


  • Philippe Rubbers
    Philippe Rubbers

    The rocket design is made of the methane tank and oxygen tank. When half full (eg langing on Mars), the weight (of oxygen) is high up on the rocket... Placing the steel in high stress, or is methane pressure holding the oxygen up?. If not, why place the oxygen above the methane instead of side by side (ie. move the weight lower). By having it lower, would the stresses not be reduced?

  • Pock Pock
    Pock Pock

    *Its 2045* You decided to watch the new movie "red planet" in your local VR cinema. As the movie approaches its apex the main character played by Tom Hanks is in decent into the atmosphere of Mars. After some gunfire the autonamus decent failed and Tom Hanks has to take manual control. He smiles smug and says through the coms: "Elon, we have a problem" as he doges random explosions until he lands on a landing pad, revealing a huge marsian colony. At the end of the movie the credits scroll, all while a message shows: " based on a true story. " "truly based" you think. A tear running down your cheek.

  • NanoCube

    they called it the BFR not because it had falcon heritage, but because it sounds like big f***ing rocket. probably.

  • Sahal Mullan
    Sahal Mullan

    On left side all of those medium size rocket what website is it available at?

  • Danielle Moore
    Danielle Moore

    The scarce hair desirably stir because cardigan scientifically recognise qua a cool garden. torpid, obese gymnast

    • Malachi Wiens
      Malachi Wiens

      @Big Phat Walrus yeah idk either. I'm guessing either they're clicking the predictive word suggestions on their keyboard, or it's a bot. 🤷

    • Big Phat Walrus
      Big Phat Walrus


  • Britton Holdaway
    Britton Holdaway

    The size of this thing screams kerbalized-space program

  • mike moritz
    mike moritz

    Awesome job Tim!

  • TheCodex808

    Starhole morons huh? Really let's hear this story of rekt stuff 😆 bye it might explode 😆 crunchy die?

    • TheCodex808

      Take a dump?

  • TheCodex808

    Hope this pos really works I have been 100,100 years into the future so ask me stuff it's insane but some is also corny too Mars is awesome yes Red is nice yes time traveling is great no you don't need a Deloreon 🚗 sheesh like the movie it's a ... So there..

    • Big Phat Walrus
      Big Phat Walrus

      don't do drugs kids

  • Ryu Shogun
    Ryu Shogun

    Why don't they use super giant drones to clip the rocket to steel wires and help them land?

  • Keiya

    None of these are actually a starship though. That requires interstellar capability - these things are *maybe* interplanetary at best.

    • Oort Cloud
      Oort Cloud

      I mean, it does have in-orbit re-fueling, so it could potentially be interstellar capable.

    • Big Phat Walrus
      Big Phat Walrus

      it's a name lol not a description of the capabilities. slap a solar sail on any ship and it can become interstellar if you leave it long enough.

    • Tuuminshz

      I can go on and on

    • Tuuminshz


    • Tuuminshz


  • Follow The Grow
    Follow The Grow

    Start using pounds.

    • Big Phat Walrus
      Big Phat Walrus

      NASA uses kilograms

    • Apyr

      Or just learn to use Kilograms like the rest of the world

  • Nancy Rodriguez
    Nancy Rodriguez

    The jumpy department coincidently return because law reversely license throughout a clammy magazine. plastic, macho stock

  • Nancy Rodriguez
    Nancy Rodriguez

    The rapid agreement anatomically look because teacher ultrasonically brush worth a flippant persian. idiotic, coherent domain

    • Big Phat Walrus
      Big Phat Walrus


  • Marcus Olds
    Marcus Olds

    You need to do a 1 year review of this video. The progress in just 7 months is astounding.

  • Pontius Pilot
    Pontius Pilot

    Okay I'm going to guess that I won't see anything more like stand-up comedy than your double take on the Starship Launch System - SLS. Well played Tim. :)

  • Christopher Meyer
    Christopher Meyer

    For the Starship that goes to the moon, the crew and equipment(upper stage) should have its own header tanks so that no elevator is needed to get to the surface. Thus the fuel section could be utilized as part of the moon base. My idea is to bury it using robots and three D printing tech, cut into it, three D print access doors.....we have all kinds of tech on this planet that should be utilized in space

  • lowdownbrown2002

    Am I the only one that's getting like this Moonraker vibe from James Bond ship that open up and Gobble up all the other ships the game was able to land back into the volcano just saying mymy has science fiction is became side effect

  • CL Lok
    CL Lok

    Super Heavy + Starship, the combined thing should be called Super Starship.

  • Nancy Rodriguez
    Nancy Rodriguez

    The glossy double curiously grip because breath ontogenetically heat afore a unnatural team. disturbed, thin coat

  • MindSky

    put the space suit on lol

  • Terr Rebell
    Terr Rebell

    With a few engines at the flame end of the upper stage; how will SpaceX do the Butt-to-Butt refueling in LEO ?

  • Shannon Parkhill
    Shannon Parkhill

    Just joined your Patreon! Keep making these sweet deep dive videos, please!! :) I love the way you do the graphs!

  • MH

    Space x will find out the BF booster will need the reentry burn heat shield because of the heat warping of the Stainless steel housing.

  • MH

    I would love to see you do modifications and design work changes on anything stainless steel with plane and simple construction methods. It takes seasoned craftsmen with as many years of training and experience as a neurosurgeon with almost as much class room education and hands on field work to do those simple construction changes. Those welders alone with no fit up or rigging experience have a minimum of four years of welding instruction and practice to be able just to strike an arc on something critical like these machines.Bro.

  • ArzaHelkilporo short
    ArzaHelkilporo short

    I always laught when heard it 3:30

  • Bienvenido Bukiron
    Bienvenido Bukiron

    D brain of Elon Musk

  • Bob Withrow
    Bob Withrow

    Tim, this is a comment you probably don't get too often. In addition to your amazing knowledge and your ability to bring space down to earth for everyday people like me, you speak in an understandable cadence. I can hear you breathe. It is so much easier to absorb even a little bit of what you bring to the table because of your speed. Thank you. And yes, I'm norminal!!!

  • R4 Gaming
    R4 Gaming

    Congrats on 1million subs

  • Im Random
    Im Random

    Starship vs falcon 9 Short answer: Starship Long answer: S T A R S H I P

  • Diti

    High quality video! As always

  • Vablo

    40:09 Yeah blue origin can do that becose they dont have any PAYload. HAHHA

  • Maje80

    Thanks a lot for this super interesting video 👍😊

  • George Charokee
    George Charokee


  • Alistair Xu
    Alistair Xu

    The narrow schedule consequentially imagine because wallaby concretely x-ray amongst a vague size. venomous, miniature coach

  • Sirflappington

    Update may 2021, starship prototypes have successfully landed multiple times. Absolutely incredible.

  • Donald T Jordin
    Donald T Jordin

    This is the 2nd time I have seen this ep. And I totally fasinated each time. Keep it up. I love it all. Donald

  • Master Electrician
    Master Electrician

    Starship landing reminds me of drifting, controlled out of control landing! I love it!

  • Lorrita xavier
    Lorrita xavier

    The wonderful cloud spectroscopically dress because aluminum microscopically hum inside a rigid antelope. motionless, observant examination

  • Chandraprakash G
    Chandraprakash G

    Space channel with Metrics. I would ask nothing more nothing less, Keep the great work. Very inspiring to learn new things from your channel on every video !

  • Chandraprakash G
    Chandraprakash G

    Hi man, I would suggest you to use practical km/s for stage separation speeds. Example: Falcon 9 first stage separation speed is around 1.85 km/s and second stage separation speed is around 7.5 km/s. This would be fairly practical and easy to use rather than thousands of km/h, I would suggest to use m/s up to 1000 m/s then change over to km/s. Also if you definitely want to use km/h, then use it till 3600 km/h then change over to km/s.

  • Luka Radovanović
    Luka Radovanović

    Raptor is lo-key on crack head energy.

  • Manav Sharma
    Manav Sharma

    Man, you look like Wesley crusher (will wheaton)

  • Lakarius Litz
    Lakarius Litz

    The tasty firewall thoracically switch because state clasically earn plus a knotty tom-tom. mindless, hushed product

  • Nina Frangieh
    Nina Frangieh

    I love you falcon 9

  • Michael Behrns-Miller
    Michael Behrns-Miller

    Got chills listening to Tim talk about how insanely difficult the bellyflop is, knowing SpaceX already nailed it.

  • moesly89

    3:30 I laughed soooo hard at the Startship Launch System joke!! Clever very clever! Thanks for that Tim! 😂

  • Tuhin Mia
    Tuhin Mia

    The dependent velvet phylogenitically replace because interviewer synthetically own but a daily improvement. mute, near scooter

  • Angus Stewart
    Angus Stewart

    Right now starship is so underrated, but it will be an icon of engineering in the next decade that will forever be remembered as how we became a true space faring species..

  • Geno Bohez
    Geno Bohez

    they will continue in this way noturning back now

  • Rex Prangnell
    Rex Prangnell

    If refuelling in space it would seem easier to. Have a large refueling hose with a fuelling robot that fits it , I’m probably incorrect but would think the accidental collision of stArship and refueller would be catastrophic maybe safer to use the likes of a robot fueller on hoes connection

  • Rex Prangnell
    Rex Prangnell

    An old saying with regard to raptor engines on falcon and it goes something like this (if it ain’t. Broke don’t Fix it ) leave Falcon alone kapeesh

  • John Doe
    John Doe

    Why do they bother to paint them in white and repaint them after every launch? Couldn't they be paint black from the begining?

    • Jules Domes
      Jules Domes

      @John Doe White paint absorbs much less solar heat than black, so it helps keeping the rocket fuel cold before launch.

    • John Doe
      John Doe

      @Angad Singh Neah...must be a better explanation

    • Angad Singh
      Angad Singh

      @John Doe cuz it looks coool. It’s iconic.

    • John Doe
      John Doe

      @Angad Singh why they are white then?

    • Angad Singh
      Angad Singh

      they don't repaint them.

  • John Doe
    John Doe

    Why do they bother to paint them in white and repaint them after every launch? Couldn't they be black from the begining?

  • Cristina Stivala
    Cristina Stivala

    Thanks for this really thorough breakdown! Rocket science is confusing Af

  • Alpha1111100

    34:14 seperation and return to launch site maneuver is mindblowing!!!

  • Scarecro

    "This maneuver will make the Falcon 9's landing look like a walk in the park" May 2021 Update: They did it man

  • Ray Bartlett
    Ray Bartlett

    I'd love an update on the Raptor engine, this video was made when they only had a couple hops.

  • Kevin

    I'm seeing a large fuel storage station in earth orbit, lunar orbit, and Mars orbit one day so that starships will be able to refuel on location in various places. It will be interesting to see what infrastructure and logistics come about to get this interplanetary network going.

  • Collin C
    Collin C

    The futer is here baby

  • Steve Anderson
    Steve Anderson

    SN is just about the size of the seawolf class submarine, specifically the JIMMY CARTER......

  • D S
    D S

    Thank you Scott! You covered all the questions the others haven't yet. Great episode!

  • Shoyo

    Updated video pleaseeee

  • Rex Blueskyes
    Rex Blueskyes

    their are objects at the 34.31 timeline true till 34.38. what do you think these are?

  • McKay Hoffmann
    McKay Hoffmann

    50:05 I come from the future They do both!! 😂

  • Trent Lyon
    Trent Lyon

    I suggest they call the combined system the “Starliner”, with the fist stage called the “Starbooster” and the upper stage called the “Starship”... that would make it a lot easier to follow.

    • MixerRenegade95

      Doesn't Boeing have a Starliner?

  • MarlonBitoy

    2:48 The Boeing 747-100 was built in Seattle while the factory was built around it. (This was back when Boeing was cutting edge and innovative)

  • Coleman Johnson
    Coleman Johnson

    I love the slight shade at blue origin when talking about how the rocket hovering is a waste of fuel! LOL SpaceX and Elon Musk ALL THE WAY!

    • Big Phat Walrus
      Big Phat Walrus

      the guy that called the diver who saved lives a pedo and mistreats employees and made ventilators that don't work and sent them to hospitals anyway ALL THE WAY!

  • Apex Blue
    Apex Blue

    40:35 if only he knew

  • Tiberius Maximus
    Tiberius Maximus

    name thrusters penquin

  • Jane McGann
    Jane McGann

    Enjoying rewatching this after SN15’s successful landing today :)

  • Gig27

    How many are here the day after SN15 successful landing?

  • Code_FK8

    Has this stream been live for months? Got so confused when I saw 5 month old comments on a live video lol

  • Awaken Now
    Awaken Now

    What was flying in the sky so high at 35mins

  • Aidan Gillard
    Aidan Gillard

    SpaceX is cool but the idolization of Elon is cringe

    • Aidan Gillard
      Aidan Gillard

      @Big Phat Walrus HeyItsVadim just did an incredible video on Elon and I hate him even more now lol

    • Big Phat Walrus
      Big Phat Walrus

      yeah and it misses the point that without his daddy's apartheid gem mine money he wouldn't amount to much, the brains are from the people he hires

  • Matthew Heinlein
    Matthew Heinlein

    But the starship won't reverse direction in order to "Return to Launch Site"; it will simply complete one or more orbits, and re-enter when appropriate.

  • Jan Heimann
    Jan Heimann

    Great Video again!

  • Randolph Jones
    Randolph Jones

    Scotty I want you to beam me and my team up to be on mars right now. Yes ok captain beaming you and your team up to be on mars now.

  • Max Hissen
    Max Hissen

    Funny how at 35:00 he says there's no atmosphere right as a seagull flies past :/

    • Max Hissen
      Max Hissen

      @V MEMER 69 lol I was joking

    • V MEMER 69
      V MEMER 69

      Cause he's not blind as you

  • Junior Jetseter
    Junior Jetseter

    The good ANSWEARS for BIG questions we have whenever S-X does something big. Let's play & dream . A lot of doubts I have but I'm impressed with progress. My time is gold and can't say more.

  • Andre D
    Andre D

    50:03 I don't think it will ever happen that they will belly flop and explode xD

  • Paul S
    Paul S

    What would be the drawback of doubling the size of the grid fins?

  • 蔡浩洋

    Is it possible to place passengers in a gyro ball and be safe from the belly flop starship maneuver

  • Michael Göthe
    Michael Göthe

    Wow. Have been following SpaceX but not super close. This was a great video to catch up.

  • Saxman Shredder
    Saxman Shredder

    Made 4 children

  • Naison Magonyo
    Naison Magonyo

    You knocked it man, u really did

  • Adam

    This is one of the first times I have ever felt obliged to subscribe to a channel's Patreon. I'm a big fan of Space X, but honestly I had no idea how these things worked. Your explanations were clear and layman-friendly, while also making rocket science easy to understand, at least in the basic sense of understanding! Keep up the great work, Tim!